Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea. Beer is brewed from cereal grains - most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize rice, and oats are also used to make beer.
During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hop, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilizing agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops.
Amber Ales were first brewed in the style of English Bitters. The emphasis was on balance with a bit maltier and sweet taste than the early pale ales.
Belgian Pale Ale
Belgian Pale Ale beers got their start during the era of WWII when they were brewed to be mass-produced and compete with Pilsners. Their Belgian Pale Ale was inspired by British Pale Ales, of course with Belgians adding their own twists and flavors. Interestingly, this amber to copper colored beer isn't very pale for being named a pale ale.
Traditional Bock beer dates back to the medieval era, originally brewed in the northern German town of Einbeck during the 14th century. Since the Bock beer origin, it has been meant for special occasions. In fact, the German beer has been incorporated into German festivities for a longer period of time than the United States has been established as a country.
Braggot Ale is an ancient mead beer hybrid with references dating back to the 12th century. The Braggot recipe consists of honey, malt, yeast, hops, and any other fruits, herbs, or spices the brewer desires. There needs to be a balance between the honey and malt, with hop bitterness that is noticeable without overpowering the sweetness.
The English IPA beer style got its start while British troops were stationed in India and needed a brew that could withstand the voyage. To help the beer endure the journey, they were tweaked to be maltier, higher in alcohol content, and have a larger hop presence, to act as a natural preservative. For soldiers, water was often added to weaken the beers, meanwhile the troop leaders would consume the English IPA at its full strength.
As the world's most widely consumed beer, its no surprise that Lager beer has an extensive history. Lets start the story off with the name and meaning of Lager. In Germany where style originated, the word Lager, meaning to store, was chosen due to the beer being stored in cold caves during maturation.
Oatmeal Stouts differ from other types of stouts due to the addition of oats during the brewing process which gives the beer richness and intensity of flavor. Although a higher percentage of added oats can result in an almost oily texture and very strong characteristics on the palate, a lower percentage of added oats can give the beer a smooth and almost glossy mouthfeel with a full, rounded body.
Pilsner, also called Pilsener or simply Pils is a pale lager with an interesting history. The Pilsner beer gets its name from the Czech city in which it was created in 1842, Pilsen. A quick note about the city of Pilsen is that brewing began in 1295, but up until the Pilsner was created almost all Bohemian beers were made using top fermentation, producing ales.